Academician V. M. Harutyunyan
Constructive Regularities in Armenian Palatine
Architecture of Early Medieval
In the early medieval Armenian architecture
there were developed not only ecclesiastical building types but secular ones as
well. Such are the palatine complexes, the main consisting parts of which are
the halls of columns having 3 or 4 pairs of pillars at the center.
First instances of the indicated halls are
met in the capital Dvin as the Crown-Hall of Arshakid kings at the palace on the
top of the citadel, as well as in the Catholic palace at the down town near the
Cathedral of St. Gregory.
The same architectural features are notable
at the palatine complexes in the central part of Dvin and Aruch. Both of them
have three pairs of columns at the center. By the same properties with slight
differences it could be described the Catholic palace at Zvartnots church
complex. Actually there are certain generalities in the architecture of the
mentioned halls, they are: the shafts, the capitals, and the bases of the
columns built up of stone and the gabled roofs. Identical are the distances
between the columns, the forms and dimensions of the capitals, the garret
windows of the roofs, etc. This all signified an important phase of early
medieval Armenian architecture as a transition period from timber to stone
technique of building tradition derived from popular sources.